At first look, the island looks like a kind of tropical destinations everyone dreams about. However, the island is home to hundreds of venomous snakes that inhabiting the island, making it some of the dangerous places on earth. Golden lancehead snakes present on the island are additionally not safe on the island as a result of they face threats from poachers, habitat degradation, and diseases. In the final 15 years, their population has declined by almost 50% by some estimates.
Snake venom from other species has additionally proven potential as an anti-most cancers drug. Although most previous estimates of snake survival did not account for detection chance –, a common pattern of high survival was suggested for vipers , –. Here, survival for the golden lancehead ranged from 0.fifty five to 0.seventy nine, relying on season and sex. Such values are intermediate when compared to different viper population studies that accounted for imperfect detectability , , . This snake often targets perching birds, however it additionally consumes lizards and may even resort to cannibalism. Unlike other venomous snakes that are inclined to strike, release, after which monitor their prey, golden lanceheads maintain their prey of their mouth as soon as they have envenomated it.
Inhabitants Dynamics Of The Critically Endangered Golden Lancehead Pitviper, Bothrops Insularis: Stability Or Decline?
The growth has also prompted scientists from totally different parts of the world to hunt out rare and venomous species of snakes in search of stronger medicine. Because of black market demand by scientists and animal collectors, wildlife smugglers, known as biopirates, have been known to visit Ilha da Queimada Grande, too. They trap the snakes and sell them via illegal channels—a single golden lanceheads can go for anywhere from $10,000 to $30,000.
The future of golden lancehead looks grim, and will solely get better if extra conservation efforts are put forth. During this time, the venom will destroy the tissues making it easier for the snake to swallow. Once the prey is useless, the snake will track and swallow the animal. Like different vipers, the golden head is believed to be an environment friendly killer.